Discussion Papers

Bellmann, Lisa, Udo Brixy, and Anna D'Ambrosio (2021), Start-ups drive the development of the medium-sized enterprise sector, particularly in eastern Germany, IAB-Forum 14 September 2021.

Berger, Marius and Sandra Gottschalk (2021), Financing and Advising Early Stage Startups: The Effect of Angel Investor Subsidies, ZEW Discussion Paper No. 21-069, Mannheim. Download (PDF, not accessible, 921 KB)

Brixy, Udo, Jürgen Egeln, Sandra Gottschalk, and Susanne Kohaut (2021), Sonderbefragung des IAB-ZEW-Gründungspanels – Junge Unternehmen spüren die Corona-Krise stärker, IAB-Kurzbericht 4, 1-8. Download (in German (PDF, not accessible, 425 KB)

Bellmann, Lisa, Udo Brixy, and Anna D'Ambrosio (2020), Gerade in Ostdeutschland leisten Betriebsgründungen einen wichtigen Beitrag zum Aufbau einer mittelständischen Wirtschaft (in German only), IAB-Forum 27 March 2020.

Horbach, Jens (2020), The importance of regional Spill-over Effects for Eco-Innovations in German Start-ups, SEEDs Working Paper Series 16/2020. Download​​​​​​​ (PDF, not accessible, 1,12 KB)

Camarero Garcia, Sebastian, and Martin Murmann (2020), Unemployment Benefit Duration and Startup Success, ZEW Discussion Paper No. 20-033, Mannheim. Download (PDF, not accessible, 782 KB)

Lubczyk, Moritz and Bettina Peters (2020), Incumbents and Entrants as Carriers of Innovation and Productivity Growth, GROWINPRO Working Paper 11/2020. Download (PDF, not accessible, 3.6 MB)

Bellmann, Lisa and Udo Brixy (2018), Hiring by Start-ups and regional labor supply, IAB-Discussion Paper 18/2018. Download (PDF, not accessible, 405 KB)

Grimpe, Christoph, Martin Murmann, and Wolfgang Sofka (2018), The organizational design of high-tech startups and product innovation, (IAB-Discussion Paper 01/2018), Nürnberg. Download (PDF, not accessible, 431 KB)

Brixy, Udo, Stephan Brunow, and Anna D’Ambrosio (2017), Ethnic diversity in start-ups and its impact on innovation, IAB-Discussion Paper 25-2017, Nürnberg. Download (PDF, not accessible, 440 KB)

Murmann, Martin (2017), The Productivity Effects of Worker Replacement in Young Firms, ZEW Discussion Paper No.17-010 Mannheim. Download (PDF, not accessible, 468 KB)

Brixy, Udo and Martin Murmann (2016), The Growth and Human Capital Structure of New Firms over the Business Cycle, ZEW Discussion Paper No. 16-079, Mannheim. Download (PDF, not accessible, 1,12 KB)

Müller, Bettina and Martin Murmann (2016), The Workforce Composition of Young Firms and Product Innovation - Complementarities in the Skills of Founders and Their Early Employees, ZEW Discussion Paper No.16-074 Mannheim. Download (PDF, not accessible, 468 KB)

Müller, Bettina and Martin Murmann (2016), The Role of the ‘Right’ Skill Mix for the Innovation Performance of Young Firms in the Creative Industries, Discussion und Working Paper No.CRE8TV Project Deliverable DEL: 3.2.5(R)

Block, Jörn, Karsten Kohn, Danny Miller, and Katrin Ullrich (2014), Necessity Entrepreneurship and Competitive Strategy, IZA Discussion Paper No. 8219, Bonn  (forthcoming in: Small Business Economics). Download (PDF, not accessible, 149 KB)

Gottschalk, Sandra, Francis J. Greene, Daniel Höwer, and Bettina Müller (2014), If You Don't Succeed, Should You Try Again? The Role of Entrepreneurial Experience in Venture Survival, ZEW Discussion Paper No.14-009 Mannheim. Download (PDF, not accessible, 233 KB)

Fryges, Helmut, Bettina Müller, and Michaela Niefert (2013), Job Machine, Think Tank, or Both – What Makes Corporate Spinoffs Different?, ZEW Discussion Paper No.13-093 Mannheim. Download (PDF, not accessible, 245 KB)

Goldbach, Stefan (2012), Innovation and Education: Is there a "Nerd Effect"?, Darmstadt Discussion Papers in Economics 210. Download (PDF, not accessible, 376 KB)

Brown, Martin Hans Degryse, Daniel Höwer, and Maria Fabiana Penas (2012), How Do Banks Screen Innovative Firms? Evidence from Start-Up Panel Data, ZEW Discussion Paper No.12-032 Mannheim. Download (PDF, not accessible, 373 KB)

Fryges, Helmut, Karsten Kohn, and Katrin Ullrich (2012), The Interdependence of R&D Activity and Debt Financing of Young Firms, ZEW Discussion Paper No.12-016 Mannheim. Download (PDF, not accessible, 188 KB)

Gottschalk, Sandra and Michaela Niefert (2011), Gender Differences in Business Success of German Start-up Firms, ZEW Discussion Paper No.11-019 Mannheim. Download (PDF, not accessible, 202 KB)

Goldbach, Stefan (2010), Innovation and Education: Is there a ‘Nerd Effects’?, Darmstadt Discussion Papers in Economics, 2010, Technische Universität Darmstadt.

Gottschalk, Sandra, Kathrin Schopen, and Michaela Niefert (2009), Founder's Human Capital, Entry Strategies and Start-Up Size, ZEW Discussion Paper No.09-030 Mannheim. Download (PDF, not accessible, 151 KB)

Fryges, Helmut, Sandra Gottschalk, and Kohn Karsten (2009), The KfW/ZEW Start-up Panel: Design and Research Potential, ZEW Discussion Paper No.09-053 Mannheim. Download (PDF, not accessible, 130 KB)